您所在的位置:首页>>报告>>报告详情

Agricultural Innovations and Adaptations to Climate Change Effects and Food Security in Central Africa: Case of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and Central Africa Republic

中非的农业创新和对气候变化影响和粮食安全的适应:喀麦隆,赤道几内亚和中非共和国的案例

【作       者】:

{{d.作者}}

【机       构】: 非洲技术政策研究网
【承研机构】:

【英文机构】: African Technology Policy Studies Network
【原文地址】: https://atpsnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/wps79.pdf
【发表时间】:

2013-06-07

摘要

Climate change is increasingly altering ecosystems which are the foundations of agricultural productivity worldwide. This has brought uncertainties in the use of farm inputs as well as food security. Challinor et al. (2009) noted that uncertainties in regional crop production are not only related to biophysical data, but rather to socio-economic and crop management factors which affects food security. Africa’s economy is predominantly rural based with agriculture (farming, livestock, forestry and unconventional farming methods) accounting for about 40% of the GDP (FAO, 2008). A greater proportion of Africa’s population strives on agriculture. In

Africa, agricultural productivity greatly depends on precipitation and natural conditions of the environment.Central Africa lies between longitude 9o _ 31o E and latitude 9o to 24o N and includes Cameroon, Central Africa Republic, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. It lies in the intertropical zone with an Equatorial type of climate. Despite its location, climatic conditions are unevenly distributed. These variations are as a result of uneven rate of precipitation, varying temperatures and altitudes that give rise to different ecological zones which to a great extent are affected by the incidence of climate change. According to Sigha and Mafany (2008),

rainfall patterns in Cameroon on which local agricultural practices rely are inconsistent;resulting in crop failure, post harvest losses, food insufficiency and diseases in many parts of the country. The people of Central Africa cannot relocate because of the perils of climate change so they have to confront it by evolving innovative adaptation strategies to mitigate and cope with the climatic effects.The main thrust of this works is therefore to identify, evaluate and document innovative adaptation strategies and their effectiveness in coping with climate change effects by answering the following questions:

What is climate change?

What is the perception of the local people towards climate change?

What are they doing about it?

What innovative agricultural practices are they evolving to cope with climate change?

How good and effective are these indigenous local practices/innovations?

How best can we exploit these local innovations for the development of an effective

agricultural extension package that can cope with climate change?

标签: {{b}}
展开