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Additive manufacturing: mapping UK research into 3D printing

智库评估英国增材制造研究与创新状况

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: “创新英国”组织
【承研机构】:

【英文机构】: Innovate UK
【原文地址】: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/additive-manufacturing-mapping-uk-research-into-3d-printing
【发表时间】:

2016-06-05

摘要

Additive manufacturing – commonly referred to as 3D printing – describes the production of tangible objects using a wide variety of digitally controlled manufacturing machines. Over the last 30 years, additive manufacturing has become an underpinning technology for high value manufacturing. The additive manufacturing industry, including machine and material sales as well as associated services was valued at $3.07billion in 2013 and is predicted to grow to $21billion by 2020, with adoption in key sectors such as aerospace, medical devices, automotive and the creative industries. The technology was originally used mainly for model making and rapid prototyping; in the last 15 years it has been widely adopted for tool and mould making but in more recent years has emerged as a serious contender as an industrial process able to make end-use parts, offering a wide range of benefits to society including mass customisation, reduced environmental impact and enhanced design freedoms. The UK has been a world-leader in developing this technology and has pioneered applications for its commercialisation.

In September 2012, Innovate UK (formerly the Technology Strategy Board) published the report“Shaping our National Competency in Additive manufacturing” on behalf of the additive manufacturing Special Interest Group (SIG 2012)1 which presented a definitive view of the state of additive manufacturing research within the UK. It concluded that the UK’s research community was well-established and equipped but that there was a need to consolidate the research activities and develop a strategy for additive manufacturing within the UK in order to drive commercialisation of the technology for end-use parts.

The objective of this “Mapping Additive manufacturing Research in the UK” report is to follow up on the SIG 2012 report by mapping the current state of additive manufacturing research in the UK and understanding how the research landscape has changed since its publication. By analysing the publicly funded research projects that have been undertaken since 2012, this report identifies where the profile of research activity has changed within the UK, what shifts have taken place within the primary research actors and institutions and the industry sectors engaged in research, where the UK is strongest in additive manufacturing research and where there are current or emerging gaps in the research base.

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