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连接气候政策的自下而上和自上而下的平衡

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 瑞典环境发展倡议组织
【承研机构】:

【原文地址】: http://efdinitiative.org/publications/balance-bottom-and-top-down-linking-climate-policie
【发表时间】:

2014-11-27

摘要

Green, Jessica F., Thomas Sterner and Gernot Wagner. 2014. “A balance of bottom-up and top-down in linking climate policies.” Nature Climate Change : 1064-1067. Download reference Doi:10.1038/nclimate2429

Top-down climate negotiations embodied by the Kyoto Protocol have all but stalled, chiefly because of disagreements over targets and objections to financial transfers. To avoid those problems, many have shifted their focus to linkage of bottom-up climate policies such as regional carbon markets.

This approach is appealing, but we identify four obstacles to successful linkage: different levels of ambition; competing domestic policy objectives; objections to financial transfers; and the difficulty of close regulatory coordination. Even with a more decentralized approach, overcoming the ‘global warming gridlock’ of the intergovernmental negotiations will require close international coordination. We demonstrate how a balance of bottom-up and top-down elements can create a path toward an effective global climate architecture.

Authors

Sterner, Thomas

Other authors:Green, Jessica F. Wagner, Gernot

Program

Commons

Center of origin

EEU-Sweden

Themes

Climate Change

标签: {{b}}
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