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Productivity and Wages across Countries and Industries

生产力和整个国家和行业工资

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 美国国家经济研究局
【承研机构】:

【原文地址】: https://www.nber.org/papers/w26428?sy=428
【发表时间】:

2020-01-14

摘要

Average wage growth is closely related to aggregate productivity growth across countries and within countries over time. The commonality of patterns across OECD countries suggests that common factors are at work. Are productivity-based explanations of wage changes consistent with increasing variance in wages as well as increases in mean wages as suggested by skill-biased technological change or other factors? To answer this, it is necessary to observe education-specific productivity growth. Cross-industry comparisons reveal that industries dominated by highly educated workers experienced higher-than-average productivity growth that is more than sufficient to account for increasing skill differentials.

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