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Preparing For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence

美国发布人工智能领域国家级研究报告与战略规划

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 美国白宫科技政策办公室
【承研机构】:

【英文机构】: Office of Science and Technology Policy
【原文地址】: https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/whitehouse_files/microsites/ostp/NSTC/preparing_for_the_future_of_ai.pdf
【发表时间】:

2016-12-21

摘要

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to help address some of the biggest challenges that society faces. Smart vehicles may save hundreds of thousands of lives every year worldwide, and increase mobility for the elderly and those with disabilities. Smart buildings may save energy and reduce carbon emissions. Precision medicine may extend life and increase quality of life. Smarter government may serve citizens more quickly and precisely, better protect those at risk, and save money. AI-enhanced education may help teachers give every child an education that opens doors to a secure and fulfilling life. These are just a few of the potential benefits if the technology is developed with an eye to its benefits and with careful consideration of its risks and challenges.

The United States has been at the forefront of foundational research in AI, primarily supported for most of the field’s history by Federal research funding and work at government laboratories. The Federal Government’s support for unclassified AI R&D is managed through the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) program, and supported primarily by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Office of Naval Research (ONR), and the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA). Major national research efforts such as the National Strategic Computing Initiative, the Big Data Initiative, and the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative also contribute indirectly to the progress of AI research. The current and projected benefits of AI technology are large, adding to the Nation’s economic vitality and to the productivity and well-being of its people. A companion document lays out a strategic plan for Federally-funded research and development in AI.

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