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The American AI Century: A Blueprint for Action

美国AI世纪:行动蓝图

【作       者】:

Martijn Rasser, Megan Lamberth...

【机       构】: 新美国安全中心
【承研机构】:

【英文机构】: Center for a New American Security
【原文地址】: https://www.cnas.org/publications/reports/the-american-ai-century-a-blueprint-for-action
【发表时间】:

2019-12-01

摘要

The United States excels when it pursues big ideas. It is one of the few countries in the world that can rally its resources and its human capital to achieve the most ambitious of goals. The United States stands at the cusp of another such moment. Prudent policy decisions today will help to protect and cement America’s lead in AI for decades. Together these actions will help to ensure that the coming AI century is an American one, a new technological era where America’s national security—and that of U.S. allies and partners—is more secure, its economy is poised to flourish, and its norms and values underpin AI technologies worldwide.

American leaders in government and industry should commit to harnessing the country’s science and technology base through greater research and development (R&D) funding and by pursuing international collaboration with like-minded partners. These leaders also must dedicate resources to prepare future generations by building up America’s human capital. Educators will require new skills to teach the future American work force as part of updated K-12 curricula.

Human capital investments must go beyond those born in the United States. International talent is a cornerstone of American innovation. Immigrants and their children play an outsize role in the U.S. technology ecosystem, producing many of the United States’ leading scientific minds and founding many of the country’s most iconic companies. Congress and the executive branch must address outdated and constricting immigration laws to continue to encourage the world’s best AI talent to study, work, and stay in the United States.

America’s openness and opportunities are among its greatest attributes. Malign actors also use these qualities against it. Illicit technology transfer is a serious problem that erodes U.S. competitiveness and costs the U.S. economy hundreds of billions of dollars. Countering this widespread theft is imperative, as is the need to do so in a manner consistent with U.S. freedoms and values.

The United States must protect its technological competitiveness further by controlling exports and securing and diversifying supply chains of advanced AI-specific hardware. U.S. action also is needed to promote government readiness to assure that the country is prepared for the likely transformative impact of AI on U.S. national security, the U.S. economy, and American society. Finally, U.S. leadership in setting global AI norms, standards, and measurement is essential to promote AI ethics, safety, security, and transparency in accordance with U.S. interests.

The specific recommendations that flow from our analysis of these issues are detailed in this report. Together they form the strategic foundation needed to make the current U.S. vision for AI, and continued American leadership in AI, a reality.

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