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Maintaining the Competitive Advantage in Artificial Intelligence ...

保持人工智能和机器学习的竞争优势

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 兰德公司
【承研机构】:

【原文地址】: https://www.sohu.com/a/407685236_313834?_trans_=000014_bdss_dklzxbpcgP3p:CP=
【发表时间】:

2020-08-07

摘要

Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies hold the potential to become critical force multipliers in future armed conflicts. Indeed, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has identified AI as key to “enhance national competitiveness and protect national security,”1 and has put forth a national AI plan representing a whole-of-society approach that is backed by significant investments. The plan is guided by a set of milestone goals and is intended to position the PRC as the world’s primary center of AI innovation by 2030. If the plan is successful, China will achieve a substantial military advantage over the United States and its allies, with significant negative strategic implications for the United States. With the 2017 National Security Strategy and 2018 National Defense Strategy identifying China as a great power competitor and given Beijing’s focus on AI technology, how much of a lead does the United States have, and what do the United States and the U.S. Air Force (USAF) need to do to maintain that lead?

For the purposes of this research, AI has been interpreted as the use of machine learning (ML) technologies to address a variety of application domains and problems, resulting in a multitude of capabilities, such as computer vision, natural-language processing, decision support, and command and control. ML is the field of computer science concerned with creating programs that “learn” from data using a large and evolving set of techniques grounded in statistics and mathematical optimization.

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