登录
注册
您所在的位置:首页>>报告>>报告详情

WHO consolidated guideline on self-care interventions for health:...

世卫组织关于自我保健干预的综合指导方针:性健康和生殖健康与权利

【作       者】:

{{d.作者}}

【机       构】: 世界卫生组织
【承研机构】:

【原文地址】: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-RHR-19-14
【发表时间】:

2019-06-24

摘要

Self-care interventions are among the most promisingand exciting new approaches to improve healthand well-being, both from a health systemsperspective and for people who use these interventions.The World Health Organization (WHO) uses the followingworking definition of self care: Self care is the ability ofindividuals, families and communities to promote health,prevent disease, maintain health, and cope with illnessand disability with or without the support of a healthcare provider. The scope of self care as described in thisdefinition includes health promotion; disease preventionand control; self-medication; providing care to dependentpersons; seeking hospital/specialist/primary care ifnecessary; and rehabilitation, including palliative care. Itincludes a range of self care modes and approaches. Whilethis is a broad definition that includes many activities, it isimportant for health policy to recognize the importance ofself care, especially where it intersects with health systemsand health professionals. Worldwide, an estimated shortage of 18 million health workers is anticipated by 2030, a record 130 million people are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, and disease outbreaks are a constant global threat. At least 400 million people worldwide lack access to the most essential health services, and every year 100 million people are plunged into poverty because they have to pay for health care out of their own pockets. There is an urgent need to find innovative strategies that go beyond the conventional health sector response. While “self care” is not a new term or concept, self-care interventions have the potential to increase choice, when they are accessible and affordable, and they can also provide more opportunities for individuals to make informed decisions regarding their health and health care. In humanitarian settings, for example, due to lack of or limited health infrastructure and medical services in the crisis-affected areas, self care could play an important role to improve health-related outcomes. Self care also builds upon existing movements, such as task sharing and task shifting, which are powerful strategies to support health systems.

标签: {{b}}
展开