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Global leishmaniasis update, 2006–2015: a turning point in leishm...

2006-2015年全球利什曼病更新:利什曼病监测的转折点

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 世界卫生组织
【承研机构】:

【原文地址】: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-wer9238
【发表时间】:

2017-09-22

摘要

The leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by protozoan parasites from >20? ?species that are transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies (98 of which are of medical importance). There are 4 main forms of the disease: visceral leishmaniasis (VL, also known as kala-azar); post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL); cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL); and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL). While cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease, visceral leishmaniasis is the most serious and can be fatal if untreated. Additionally, leishmaniasis can be classified as anthroponotic or zoonotic depending on whether the natural reservoir of the parasite is human or animal. This report updates global epidemiological information on VL and CL to 2015, based on the main indicators published in the GHO, as of 1st September 2017. In 2013, the GHO included data from 1998 for 4 indicators specific to leishmaniasis: (i) status of endemicity of CL; (ii) number of cases of CL reported; (iii) status of endemicity of VL; and (iv) number of cases of VL reported. Since 2013, a further 2 indicators have been added: (v) number of imported cases of CL reported; and (vi) number of imported cases of VL reported. From 2013, indicators (ii) and (iv) therefore represent the number of autochthonous cases when the geographical origin of the patient is available. Spanish version available

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