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物理和社会技术之间的差距越来越大

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 圣菲研究所
【承研机构】:

【原文地址】: https://santafe.edu/news-center/news/growing-gap-between-physical-and-social-technologies
【发表时间】:

2018-07-31

摘要

The word “technology,” from the Greek techne,?usually evokes physical technologies like artificial?intelligence, swarm robots, and the like. But?there’s an older meaning. By Jacob Bigelow’s 1829?definition, technology can describe a process that?benefits society. In that sense, social institutions,?like governments and healthcare systems, can be?seen, and studied, as technologies.

This summer at the Santa Fe Institute, a small?cadre of scientists and entrepreneurs convened a two-week long working group to address?“the growing gap between our physical?and social technologies.” By bringing together an eclectic forum of engineers, writers, scientists,?historians, lawyers, futurists, economists,?philosophers, founders, philanthropists, and?policymakers, the organizers aimed to confront?the apparent lag between our collective social?technologies (e.g., political, economic, and?cultural systems) and the nascent realities being?synthesized by our physical technologies.

Labor efficiency, speed of transportation,?and human communication have advanced in?step with physical technologies. These advancements?have simultaneously exposed an?unmet need for social technologies whose creation?is outside the scope of the physical-technological?toolkit. Thus, the working group,?which ran July 30–Aug. 10, examined the?two technological domains from a multidisciplinary,?non-dogmatic framework in pursuit of?novel solutions to these complex problems.

“I have had my eyes on the approaching tsunami?of change for a long time,” says the working?group’s lead organizer, External Professor Steen?Rasmussen (University of Southern Denmark). “It is difficult to assemble the needed diverse?teams so we together can understand the complex?issues as well as develop and explore potential?solutions.”

Those solutions could include blockchain-style,?citizen-centric ownership of private data, for?example, to address the privacy concerns that?have been exacerbated by digital technology. Developing a new school of economic thought?that looks beyond the capital/labor dichotomy?might be another social technology that could?ameliorate the effects of technological automation?on economic inequality.

Rasmussen says the transformations that could?result from such solutions would change “our?economy, our institutions and what it means to?be human.”

Rasmussen’s co-organizers include External Professors?Eric Beinhocker and Doyne Farmer, both?based at Oxford University, and physicist Fotini?Markopoulou, CEO of the wearable technology?company, doppel.

In conjunction with the working group, SFI’s?Applied Complexity Network (ACtioN) held a pair of topical meetings on Aug. 1 and?8 in which participants from ACtioN’s corporate,?non-profit, and government member organizations?had the opportunity to participate?in the group’s proceedings.?

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