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Questions and Answers: coordinated plan for Artificial Intelligen...

问题与解答:“欧洲制造”的人工智能协调计划

【作       者】:

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【机       构】: 欧盟委员会
【承研机构】:

【英文机构】: European Commission
【原文地址】: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/memo_18_6690
【发表时间】:

2018-12-07

摘要

The European Union (eu) has released the coordinated plan on artificial intelligence (ai) between the eu and its member states to promote the development and application of ai in Europe.

The theme of the project is "madeinEurope for artificial intelligence". The public and private sectors of the eu and its member states are expected to invest €20bn in ai by 2020. Through the European strategic investment fund, horizon 2020 and the European investment fund, the commission plans to invest 100 million euros in the field of artificial intelligence in 2020. The member states invest through national policy Banks and projects. The European innovation council plans to fund 100 million euros in 2019-2020 by strengthening its flagship initiative to support disruptive innovation in artificial intelligence. In addition, member states are encouraged to use innovation vouchers, micro-grants and loans to facilitate the digital transformation of smes, including integrating the application of artificial intelligence in products, production processes and business models.

The plan focuses on four key areas: increasing investment, providing more data, nurturing talent and ensuring trust. Joint action was also proposed under the plan to promote closer and effective cooperation between member states, Norway and Switzerland. According to the plan, "artificial intelligence made in Europe" has two key principles. First, "ethicsbydesign" means that at the beginning of the design process, artificial intelligence must abide by the principles of ethics and moral law, competition law and so on, on the basis of the general data protection regulations. The second is "securitybydesign", that is, at the beginning of ai design, it must consider protecting network security and facilitating relevant law enforcement activities.

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